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Safest stimulant reddit

Safest stimulant reddit

A Global Drug Survey GDS covering hundreds of thousands of people around the world has ranked recreational drugs from the safest to the most dangerous, based on how many hospital admissions they lead to. Turns out, 'magic' mushrooms are responsible for the lowest percentage of emergency ward visits, followed by cannabis in second place, and LSD and cocaine in joint third place.

At the other end of the chart, methamphetaminesynthetic cannabis, and alcohol carried the most risk of a trip to the local emergency ward, leaving MDMA ecstasy and amphetamines in the middle of the drug safety table. The survey took in responses frompeople across more than 50 countries. Nearly 10, participants said they had tried magic mushrooms in the past year, with 0. That was the lowest percentage figure in the survey by some distance, but researchers are keen to point out that no drug use is entirely harmless - and there are plenty of other risks associated with drugs that don't necessarily land you in hospital.

Global Drug Survey. According to Winstock, accidental injury, panic, short-lived confusion, disorientation, and fears of losing one's mind are the most common reasons that magic mushroom users head to the hospital. In fact, the greatest risk with taking mushrooms is picking the wrong type and getting poisoned, Winstock added, saying if you're determined to take a trip, you should choose a safe place with people you trust, and mushrooms you know aren't harmful.

Numbers were averaged out across genders, but in most cases, females were found to be at a greater risk. Sincethe Global Drug Survey has been aiming to "make drug use safer regardless of the legal status", which means keeping drug users, healthcare professionals, and policy makers informed about the potential effects of these substances.

If you're going to take one of these drugs, it's vital that you know what you're letting yourself in for - there's no room for complacency, says the GDS team, even with relatively safe recreational drugs. Being informed includes knowing how long the effects can last. LSD can affect the body for up to 12 hours, whereas cannabis effects will only last a couple of hours. The authors behind the report don't condone the use of illegal drugs, but say they're hoping to raise awareness of the do's and don'ts for each type of substanceand cut those hospital admission numbers down.

You can read a summary of the report on the Global Drug Survey website.This condition is not typically diagnosed but could be affecting the health of many people.

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If you want to lose weight, consider drinking more green tea. Just 2. Cervical cancer is one of the few cancers that can be prevented.

Know how to prevent it and know the warning signs.

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Flu season is winding down, but it's not over. Learn how to lessen your flu risk and how to feel better if you get the flu. Find out what happens when testosterone levels in women are too high. If you've been trying several months to conceive and have not been successful, check out these tips to boost your fertility. Is heavy menstrual bleeding interfering with your life? Learn about treatment options that can help share. Diffuse the myths and learn the facts. If you think you may have a vaginal infection, take note of these signs of bacterial vaginosis share.

Women don't experience heart attacks the same way men do. The signs and symptoms may be less obvious. That's why it's important to know the warning signs and how to lower your risk.

Simple steps can protect your feet from common problems, some of which are hard to get rid of. Many studies have shown that color affects both mood and behavior. Color can help you go from sad to happy or angry to calm. Women's sexual problems are too often discounted as mental or emotional. Talk to your health care professional to get the help you need and deserve.

Self-compassion leads to contentment and offers a kind of immunity against negative influences like fear. Optimism may be key to coping with chronic pain, claims a new study of soldiers who served in Iraq and Afghanistan.

Continuous positive airway pressure, or CPAP, therapy is a common treatment for obstructive sleep apnea, but it can take time to get used to the CPAP mask. Here are some tips to help you adjust. The benefits of eating fewer calories may go far beyond losing weight. Hospital germ detectives say the sinks next to toilets in patient rooms may harbor potentially dangerous bacteria.

Being disabled is a full-time job.Sign Up. Quick Links. Iodine and Fertility. Unreadable and Multiple Bar Codes on Packages. View all articles. Soliman graduated from the University of Illinois—Chicago inand completed a residency at Midwestern University in Chicago.

She has worked in many fields of pharmacy, from starting her own independent pharmacy to working as a clinical pharmacist, to serving as the Assistant Dean of the College of Pharmacy at the University of Illinois and Associate Dean of the Touro College of Pharmacy.

On the social media front, she founded a Facebook group that brings together thousands of pharmacist moms. I spoke with Dr. Soliman about her pathway to having women in pharmacy recognized. When Dr. Soliman looked at the black and white class photos of her pharmacy school from many years ago, she noticed that most of the class was comprised of males, with only one or two females.

She noted that there had been nothing to celebrate how far women have come in a traditionally male-dominated profession. As a pharmacist and mom, Dr.

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Soliman found that to be inspiring and therefore chose October During World War II, a temporary increase of woman in the profession occurred as men were not as available. This, of course, did not prove true. Why did we see this shift? Many women who liked science and math wanted to use their knowledge help others, therefore a career in healthcare provided opportunity along with a good salary and job security. She speculated that the numbers will stay where they are as there are more women in the workforce in general.

Dr Euler also mentioned that although there are many more women in pharmacy, top corporate and academic positions are still mostly men. Therefore, the pharmacy profession looks very much like the workforce as a whole. Soliman sent a petition explaining the importance of the day to the National Day Calendar along with her article that was published recently in Pharmacy Times. I asked Dr. Soliman how she felt when she accomplished getting this day recognized, and she reiterated that this day is well-deserved—it is not just about her, but it is for women who have struggled for many years—women have done so much and been so successful working in all realms of pharmacy, from community to hospital to academia.

Soliman is currently working with professional organizations to promote National Women Pharmacist Day and make the inaugural first day well known. She is also looking for ideas on how to celebrate this day, so please reach out to Dr. Accessed January 26, Karen Berger, PharmD.

She has worked in community pharmacies for over 16 years as a Pharmacist in Charge, staff, and floater pharmacist for a large chain. Currently, she is a pharmacist at an independent pharmacy in Northern NJ. Are You a Pharmacist and a Mom? Older Women Underscreened for Cervical Cancer. Sampling of Available Smart Bottles. Personalize the information you receive by selecting targeted content and special offers.Adderall contains a combination of amphetamine and dextroamphetamine.

Amphetamine and dextroamphetamine are central nervous system stimulants that affect chemicals in the brain and nerves that contribute to hyperactivity and impulse control.

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Adderall may be habit-forming, and this medicine is a drug of abuse. Tell your doctor if you have had problems with drug or alcohol abuse. Stimulants have caused stroke, heart attack, and sudden death in people with high blood pressure, heart disease, or a heart defect.

Do not use this medicine if you have used a MAO inhibitor in the past 14 days, such as isocarboxazid, linezolid, phenelzine, rasagiline, selegiline, or tranylcypromine or have received a methylene blue injection. Adderall may cause new or worsening psychosis unusual thoughts or behaviorespecially if you have a history of depression, mental illness, or bipolar disorder.

You may have blood circulation problems that can cause numbness, pain, or discoloration in your fingers or toes.

Call your doctor right away if you have: signs of heart problems - chest pain, feeling light-headed or short of breath; signs of psychosis - paranoia, aggression, new behavior problems, seeing or hearing things that are not real; signs of circulation problems - unexplained wounds on your fingers or toes. You may not be able to use Adderall if you have glaucoma, overactive thyroid, severe agitation, moderate to severe high blood pressure, heart disease or coronary artery disease, vascular disease, or a history of drug or alcohol addiction.

Scientists Rank 9 Recreational Drugs From Safest to Most Dangerous

Do not use this medicine if you have taken an MAO inhibitor in the past 14 days. A dangerous drug interaction could occur. MAO inhibitors include isocarboxazid, linezolid, methylene blue injection, phenelzine, rasagiline, selegiline, tranylcypromine, and others.

You may not be able to use Adderall if you are allergic to any stimulant medicine. You may not be able to use Adderall if you have:. Some medicines can interact with amphetamine and dextroamphetamine and cause a serious condition called serotonin syndrome.

Tell your doctor about any other medications you are using. Be sure your doctor knows if you also take opioid medicine, herbal products, or medicine for depression, mental illness, Parkinson's disease, migraine headaches, serious infections, or prevention of nausea and vomiting. Ask your doctor before making any changes in how or when you take your medications.

Symptom of serotonin syndrome may include agitation, hallucinations hearing or seeing things that are not realcoma, fast heart rate, dizziness, sweating, feeling hot, muscle rigidity or shakiness, seizures, nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea. Stop Adderall immediately if you experience these symptoms. Stimulants have caused stroke, heart attack, and sudden death in certain people. Tell your doctor if you have:. To make sure Adderall is safe for you, tell your doctor if you or anyone in your family has ever had:.

Taking Adderall during pregnancy can cause premature birth, low birth weight, or withdrawal symptoms in the newborn baby. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. The medications in Adderall amphetamine and dextroamphetamine can pass into breast milk and may harm a nursing baby.

You should not breast-feed while you are using this medicine. Take Adderall exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Follow all directions on your prescription label.

Safest Legal Stimulants That Still Work

Your doctor may occasionally change your dose. Do not take this medicine in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended. Adderall may be habit-forming. Never share this medicine with another person, especially someone with a history of drug abuse or addiction.

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Keep the medication in a place where others cannot get to it. Selling or giving away this medicine is against the law.

Read all patient information, medication guides, and instruction sheets provided to you. Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions.

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safest stimulant reddit

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safest stimulant reddit

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Do you like it? Start your website today!It is estimated that 4. Such conditions are frequently associated with history or risk of cardiovascular disease. Of note, OSA and other forms of sleep-disordered breathing have unfavorable effects on cardiovascular physiology, predisposing affected individuals to cardiovascular disease and cardiac arrhythmias. Due to reports of cardiovascular adverse events and observed physiological effects, the package inserts for stimulant drugs warn against use in patients with preexisting heart disease or cardiac structural abnormalities due to risk of sudden death, stroke, and myocardial infarction MI.

Debate remains on the safety of stimulants in the cardiovascular population. Specifically, the use of stimulants in patients with history of or susceptible to arrhythmias has not been studied. In an effort to elucidate risk, interpretation of current evidence surrounding stimulant and stimulant-like drugs is offered.

Table 1: Stimulant and Stimulant-like Medications. Stimulant-like non-amphetamine containing. CNS stimulants exert their action on the brainstem ascending arousal system and cortex, blocking the reuptake of norepinephrine and dopamine into the presynaptic neuron and increasing their release into the extraneuronal space.

An increase in circulating catecholamines can activate cardiovascular beta-1 adrenoreceptors resulting in increased inotropy and HR, while activation of alpha-adrenoreceptors causes vasoconstriction and a rise in BP.

Studies have indicated small, but statistically significant increases in BP mmHg and HR bpm with short-term stimulant use, as well as similar findings with once-daily methylphenidate up to one year of use. In addition, the studies were not powered due to inadequate sample size or follow-up duration to determine risk of clinical cardiovascular events.

The observed effects of stimulants on BP and HR would be expected to increase cardiovascular risk. Schelleman et al. Even so, the findings are of concern and should not be disregarded. Conversely, a retrospective, population-based study of more thanadults with prescriptions for methylphenidate, amphetamine, or atomoxetine matched to non-users demonstrated a lack of association between stimulant use and incidence of MI, sudden cardiac death SCDand stroke.

However, the study had several limitations and the authors did indicate that a modestly elevated risk could not be ruled out given the limited power and lack of a complete data set of risk factors. A similar study found no evidence of increased risk of serious cardiovascular events in adult initiators of amphetamines or atomoxetine, but could not rule out modest elevated risk due to limitations of unmeasured confounders and lack of stratified analyses.

In analyzing safety of drug use in arrhythmia patients, potential for QT prolongation and risk of torsades de pointes TdP should be considered. Trials have found no statistically or clinically significant changes in QT intervals over short and long-term treatment with methylphenidate and amphetamine drugs.

Scherer et al demonstrated that atomoxetine inhibits cardiac hERG potassium channel currents which in turn can cause action potential prolongation and increase risk of development of acquired long-QT syndrome. As a result of recent literature and case reports of atomoxetine, it was recently added to the category of drugs that have possible risk of TdP.

Methylphenidate and amphetamine-containing drugs are recommended to be avoided in patients with congenital long QT syndrome.

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Modafinil and its R-enantiomer armodafinil are novel nonamphetamine psychostimulants indicated for improved wakefulness in adult patients with excessive sleepiness associated with narcolepsy, OSA, or shift-work disorder SWD. Both medications have similar wake-promoting actions to sympathomimetic stimulant agents, yet differ in pharmacological profile and are thought to have lower potential for abuse and adverse cardiovascular events.

Nonetheless, package labels have similar cardiovascular warnings to the stimulant drugs. Exclusive to modafinil and armodafinil is the warning against use in patients with history of left ventricular hypertrophy or in those with mitral valve prolapse who have experienced mitral valve prolapse with previous CNS stimulant use.

This recommendation is based on minimal evidence of 3 patients of such history with observed adverse events of ischemic T-wave changes, dyspnea and palpitations in clinical studies.

To date, no studies have been published on the safety of modafinil and armodafinil specifically in cardiovascular patients with or without arrhythmias. Rare treatment-related cardiovascular events were noted in a longer duration trial of patients with narcolepsy over weeks of modafinil therapy. Schwartz et al. History of arrhythmia was noted in five patients.